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Girls' Generation (SNSD)

Girls’ Generation (SNSD)

The iFans project rolls on with more cover dance!  The second section of the exhibit, Dance Like Everybody’s Watching: K-pop Cover Dances, features Girls’ Generation‘s “Into the New World Remix.”  Click HERE to view K-pop fans from around the world performing one of the most complicated dance routines by a girl group.

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As you know, iFans: Mapping Kpop’s International Fandom is a study seeking to understand the attitudes of global fans of K-pop’s most successful groups. You can now view the results of the analysis of the survey data and an email interview with a fan of SNSD!  Click here to view the What Fans Think section of the digital exhibit.  Sad that you aren’t included? You can always take the email survey online here! C’mon, SONES, you are one of the biggest K-pop fandoms out there! Click the link and represent!

Dal Shabet (stylized as Dal★Shabet) is a six-member group signed with Happy Face Entertainment. Dal Shabet means Sweet Sherbet (“Dal” is short for Dalda [달다] which means sweet in Korean; Shabet is the Korean pronunciation of the English word “sherbet”).

To see the enhanced profile, including discographies and videographies, click the image to go to KPOPIANA, KPK’s multimedia database on Korean popular music of the Hallyu era!

Infographic based on data collected by Crystal S. Anderson as part of the iFans research study

Infographic based on data collected by Crystal S. Anderson as part of the iFans research study

If you keep with research on K-pop, you may be aware of the iFans: Mapping Kpop’s International Fandom project.  The surveys that make up the qualitative studies seek to understand how the fandoms differ from one another and their relationship to the groups they support. K-pop fans know that the fandoms are unique. Because they have detailed knowledge of the groups they support, they provide a unique perspective on the appeal of their respective groups. Too often, commentators make assumptions about K-pop fans, while the iFans studies goes to the source: the fans.

As the chart above shows, fans of 2NE1 and BigBang have participated the most in the surveys, while fans of Shinhwa and Aziatix have participated the least.   Other groups with high participation rates include SHINee and TVXQ, while other groups with low participation rates include Epik High and f(x).

These participation rates are interesting, because groups like Super Junior and Girls’ Generation have very active global fandoms, yet those numbers are not reflected in participation rates.  Rates may not reflect all fans, just fans who are likely to take (and complete) a survey.  Participation rates may be affected by the activity of the groups.

The iFans Case Studies survey is still active, and now, individuals can take the survey for multiple or  individual groups.

Now that a good deal of data has been collected, look for new research reports on what K-pop fans say about their favorite groups!

Infographic based on data collected by Crystal S. Anderson as part of the iFans research study

Infographic based on data collected by Crystal S. Anderson as part of the iFans research study


Crystal S. Anderson, PhD

Associate Professor, Elon University (U.S.)

K-pop girl groups tend to be described as sexy, fierce or cute.  Some suggest that images of fierceness encourage girls to be empowered, while images of cuteness take away their agency.  However, responses by fans of f(x), a K-pop female group, suggest that fans prefer unique and diverse images of women.

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IFANS: Mapping K-pop’s International Fandom is a scholarly research project that examines global fan attitudes and activities through surveys, collection of information on online communities and analysis of websites.  Crystal S. Anderson, PhD (Elon University) is the Principal Investigator of the studies and Curator of the iFans project site.

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 Kim Bum Soo






 Polaris Entertainment

 Fan Name


 Origin of Fan Name


 Official Website

 Related Websites

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Official Fan Color: 



  • Melon Music Award, R&B/Ballad

Television Appearances

Concert Tours

  • Kim Bum Soo “겟 올라잇” Show, January 2012

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Lost Love

It Will Pass


Sun Setting In My Heart

I Want to See You (Missing You)


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   Best Album 2011 – Greatest Hits (October 2011) (Polaris Entertainment)CD 1

  1. 보고싶다 (3집 타이틀, SBS 드라마 ‘천국의계단’ 주제곡)
  2. 속 ( 1집 타이틀, M/V 김석훈, 명세빈)
  3. 하루 ( 2집 타이틀, M/V 송혜교, 송승헌, 지진희 )
  4. 가슴에 지는 태양 ( 4집 타이틀 )
  5. 바보같은 내게 ( 3집 수록곡 )
  6. 후회가 싫다 ( 4집 수록곡 )
  7. 눈물과 바꾼 사랑 ( 2집 수록곡, KBS 드라마 ‘해신’ 삽입곡 )
  8. 위로 ( 5집 타이틀 )
  9. 슬픔 한가운데 ( 4집 수록곡 )
  10. 그런 이유라는걸 ( MBC 나는 가수다 가창곡 )
  11. 사랑만으론 ( 4집 수록곡, ‘故 앙드레김’ 패션쇼 휘날레곡 )
  12. Be Mine ( 4집 수록곡)
  13. 아름다운 채로 ( 4집 수록곡 )
  14. 나없이 행복할 널 위해 ( 3집 수록곡 )
  1. 니가 날 떠나 ( 3.5집 타이틀, KBS 드라마 ‘해신’ 주제곡 )
  2. 일생동안 ( 2.5집 타이틀 )
  3. 나 가거든 ( 3.5집 KBS드라마 ‘명성황후’ 주제곡 )
  4. 비가 ( MBC 드라마 ‘다모’ 주제곡 )
  5. 비처럼 음악처럼 ( With 故 김현식 )
  6. 한동안 뜸했었지 ( With 사랑과평화
  7. 그대 내게 다시 ( 변진섭 곡 리메이크 )
  8. 사랑일뿐야 ( 김민우 곡 리메이크 )
  9. 잊혀진 계절 ( 이용 곡 리메이크 )
  10. 수요일에는 빨간 장미를 ( 다섯손가락 곡 리메이크 )
  11. 사랑이 저만치 가네 ( 김종찬 곡 리메이크 )
  12. 그대와 영원히 ( 이문세 리메이크 )
  13. ello Goodbye Hello (2집 타이틀 ‘하루’ 영어버전, 빌보드 세일즈챠트 51위 진입곡)
   Solista Part 2 – Vol. 7 (June 2011) (Loen Entertainment)

  1. 이 비가 그치길 바래
  2. 끝사랑
  3. 달라 (with 태연)
  4. My baby (feat. 휘성)
  5. 기억을 걷다
  6. 지나간다 (Piano version)
  7. 끝사랑 Instrumental
   Secret Garden Original Soundtrack     9.  나타나
  Different featuring Taeyeon – Digital Single (January 2011) (Polaris Entertainment)

  1. 달라
  Twentyth Urban – with Lee Kyung Sub (November 2010)

  1. 나 가거든
  2. 나 가거든 (Instrumental)


   Solista Part 1 – Vol. 7 (September 2010) (Loen Entertainment)

  1.  언젠가는(with 이승철)
  2. 지나간다 – 타이틀곡
  3. 피우든 마시든
  4. 괜찮다..
  5. 그대가 들려요
  6. 지.못.미
  7. 지나간다 (Instrumental)
   Giant Original Soundtrack (June 2010)

  1. 러빙 유 (자이언트 Version)
  2. 러빙 유 (자이언트 Instrumental version)
   Slow Man Digital Single (September 2009) (Polaris Entertainment)

  1. Slow Man (featuring 찬양)
  2.  슬픔 활용법 (Planet Shiver Mix Version)
  Color of City (Blue) (July 2009) (MS Entertainment)

  1. 이별의 맛
  2. 이별의 맛 (Instrumental)
  Regrets to Forget Original Soundtrack (May 2009)
  More Than Blue/Sadder than Sad Story Original Soundtrack (2009) 2. 슬픈보다 더 슬퍼 이야기
  Practical Usage of Sadness – Vol. 6 (August 2008) (Mnet Media)

  1. Intro
  2. 슬픈 활용법
  3. Smile Again
  4. 줄다리기
  5. 사랑아
  6. Interlude
  7. 굳은 살
  8. Do You Know That?
  9. 쉬운 이별
  10. 마지막까지
  11. Without Your Love
  12. 님아
  13. 은혜로
  14. 슬픈 활용법(MR)
   So Long – Vol. 5 (April 2006) 

  1. Intro
  2. 위로
  3. Like
  4. 오아시스
  5. Fine (The End)
  6. The one in my life
  7. 약속
  8. 하루 (M/V Version)
  9. 보고싶다 (M/V Version)
  10. 가슴에 지는 태양 (M/V Version)
  11. 후회가 싫다 (Live Version)
  12. 하루 (Live Version)
  13. 보고싶다 (Live Version)
  Emperor of the Sea Original Soundtrack (April 2005)2. 니가 날 떠나
   Live Concert Album (April 2005)

  1. Opening
  2.  바보같은 내게
  3. 나의 너에게
  4. 후회가 싫다
  5. 약속
  6. 하루
  7. 무제 feat. Park Hyo Shin
  8. 한동안 뜸했었지 feat. 사랑과평화
  9. 정상을 향한 독주 feat. Joosuc
  10. 보고싶다
  11. 여행을 떠나요 + 밤이면 밤마다
   …Again (January 2005) (EMI Music Korea)

  1. Intro
  2. Memory
  3. 어떤 그리움
  4. 가려진 시간 사이로
  5. 오래된 사진처럼
  6. 눈이 와요
  7. 1994년 어느 늦은 밤
  8. 내가 너의 곁에 잠시 살았다는 걸
  9. 내 곁에서 떠나가지 말아요
  10. I Believe
  11. 처음 느낌 그대로
  12. 시청 앞 지하철역에서
  The 4th Episode – Vol. 4 (April 2004)

  1. 후회가 싫다
  2. 사랑만으론
  3. 영원에 관하여
  4. 왜 또
  5. 무제 (Duet 박효신)
  6. 가슴에 지는 태양
  7. 슬픔 한가운데
  8. Happiness
  9. 아름다운 채로
  10. 거짓말
  11. Be Mine
  12. 나의 너에게
  13. 한동안 뜸했었지 (Remake)
  14. To Me
  Friends – Vol. 3.5 (July 2003) (Plyzen)

  1. 니가 날 떠나
  2. Lately
  3. 안녕
  4. 영원 (Without You)
  5. 일생동안
  6. 나 가거든
  7. 사랑은 없어
  8. 눈 내리는 겨울밤
  9. 잊혀진 계절
  10. 널 기다리는 동안
  11. Amazing Love
  12.  바람처럼 음악처럼
  13. 주 하나님 지으신 모든 세계
   Missing You – Vol. 3 (December 18, 2002) (Universal Music South Korea)

  1. 보고싶다
  2. 바보같은 내게
  3. 이젠
  4. 사랑해요
  5. 지겨워
  6. My Delight
  7. 이별 뒤에서
  8. 혼자
  9. 날떠나가
  10. The One
  11. 잘못된 이별
  12. 나없이 행복할 널 위해
  13. 일기
  14. 눈속의 너
  15. Hello Good-bye Hello
   New Song and Special -Vol 2.5 (September 2001)

  1. Back At One
  2. 그대 내게 다시
  3. 그런 이유라는걸
  4. 너의 시작으로
  5. 비가와
  6. 비처럼 음악처럼
  7. 잊지마
   Remember – Vol. 2 (November 2000) (Media Synnara)

  1. Once Upon A Day
  2. 하루 (M/V Version)
  3. 그런 이유라는
  4. 그대 내게
  5. 눈물과 바꾼 사랑
  6. 별이 진다네
  7. 잊지마
  8. 사랑이 저만치 가네
  9. 아마도
  10. Rainy Day
  11. 수요일에는 빨간 장미를
  12. 그대와 영원히
  13. 하루만 더
  14. 비처럼 음악처럼
  15. 하루 (Original Version)
  16. 사랑일뿐야 (Bonus Track)
  17. 약속 (Bonus Track)
   A Promise – Vol. 1 (April 1999)

  1. 약속
  2. 사랑이 떠나가네
  3. 사랑일뿐야
  4. 너의 시작으로
  5. 11월(月) 3일(日)…
  6. 비가 와
  7. 더 늦기전에
  8. 이젠 떠나가세요
  9. This Masquerade
  10. 첫사랑

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Unconfirmed Super Show World Tour dates list (Source:; Ryeowook as “Gollum” during Super Show 4 in Seoul (November 2011) Source: beautifulEUNSIHAE86 on Youtube

By Crystal S. Anderson, PhD and Kaetrena Davis Kendrick, M.S.L.S.

RIVENDELL (AHMN) – E.L.F.s have started to gather for Super Junior’s Super Show 4, to be held in the biggest tree in the elven city.  Armed with their sapphire blue lightsticks, legions of fans look forward to cheering on the group at the history-making show.  Super Junior is the first Kpop group to play the Rivendell Celebrian Arena, and rumor has it that SM Entertainment is currently contemplating additional dates in Mordor and Minas Tirith, with the possibility of holding a fanmeet on the Pelennor Fields.

But don’t log on to Ticketmaster just yet. Aren’t you a little skeptical? You should be, because news reporting in the Kpop world sometimes looks just as improbable.  In our investigation of all things Hallyu, KPK has noticed several trends in the way information about Kpop is distributed.  This article is about how Kpop fans are informed, or in some cases, misinformed, by coverage of Kpop. This is not about any one outlet or blogger, and the examples and photos within this article are used to illustrate a trend. They should not be construed as judgements on how individual sites choose to create or distribute kpop news.

Read the rest of this entry »

Don’t have time to scroll through the survey results? Here are the results for our favorite question: What are your favorite Kpop groups?

18 and over (Top 9)

16 and over (Top 9)

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L-R: Baek Chan, Joo Hee and Lee Hyun. (Source:

 Name   8Eight
 Meaning of Name   If turned sideways, 8 is “infinity”
  • Lee Hyun – Leader
  • Baek Chan
  • Joo Hee
 Debut   August  25, 2007
 Status  Active
 Label   Big Hit Entertainment; United Asia Management
 Fan Name
 Origin of Fan Name
 Fan Club Website(s)
 Related Websites

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Couple Names

Official Fan Color

Nick Names

Individual Fan Names

Individual Projects


Television Appearances

  • Winning competitors on the first season of MBC’s Show Survival, 2007.

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Close That Lip

The End is Coming

Availability Period

Goodbye My Love


I Love You

Music is My Life (Part 2)

Forget About Love and Sing

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   8Eight – Mini- Album (June 21, 2011) (Source Music)

  1. 그 입술을 막아본다그
  2. 대는 정말 대단해요
  3. 노래도 슬픔은 못 고치네
  4. U Make Me Feel Brand New
  5. Dilemma
  The Bridge – 1st Mini-Album (May 12, 2010) (Loen Entertainment)

  1. Intro : 사랑이 간다T
  2. The End is Coming (이별이 온다)
  3. 얼굴이 바껴도
  4. Star (feat. Changmin & Jinwoon of 2AM)
  5. Availability Period (유효기간)
  6. Outro : The Bridge
  Golden Age (March 3, 2009) (Loen Entertainment)

  1. The Light of My Life (Nae Salmui Bit, 내 삶의 빛) (Intro)
  2. Poor Sunflower (Bulssanghan Haebaragi, 불쌍한 해바라기)
  3. Chamjima (참지마)
  4. Without a Heart (Shimjangi Eopseo, 심장이 없어)
  5. Now Painful Enough (이제 슬픈건 충분해)
  6. Numbers
  7. Can’t Stop
  8. You Said You Love (Saranghandamyeonseo, 사랑한다면서)
  9. Pick (마중)
  10. Freedom (Jayu, 자유)
  Infinity (March 3, 2008) (Sony & BMG, SBMG Korea)

  1. Let Me Go (feat. Cho PD)
  2. I Love You (feat. Jessica of Girls’ Generation)
  3. Sometin’ Sometin’
  4. One Love
  5. Going to Ask (Mureo Bopnida, 물어 봅니다)
  6. In the Morning
  7. She’s Here (Wasseo Geunyeo, 왔어 그녀)
  8. Me Joo Hee (Me Joo Hee, Me 주희)(feat. Pdogg)
  9. Another Footstep (Tto Hangeoreum, 또 한걸음)
  10. Holding Onto the Collar (Otkiseul Japgoseo, 옷깃을 잡고서)(feat. Park Min Hye of Big Mama)
  The First (September 6, 2007) (EMI Music)

  1. Forget About Love and Sing (Sarangeul Ilhgo Nan Noraehane, 사랑을 잃고 난 노래하네)
  2. Can I Love (Saranghal Su Isseulkka, 사랑할 수 있을까)
  3. Going Crazy (Michida, 미치다)
  4. We Can’t Love (Urin Saranghaeseon Andwepnida, 우린 사랑해선 안됩니다)
  5. If I Only Had One Day (Na-ege Harubakke Eoptdamyeon, 나에게 하루밖에 없다면)(feat.V.O.S.)
  6. Come Back (Dorawajwo, 돌아와줘)
  7. I Can Hear the Memories (Chu-eogi Deullinda, 추억이 들린다)
  8. Listen to Me (Deureoyo, 들어요)(feat. Lim Jeong Hee & K.will )
  9. Between (Sa-i, 사이)(feat. Sun Ye, Ye Eun of Wonder Girls & Pdogg)
  10. World Full of Love (Sesang Gadeuk Sarangeul, 세상 가득 사랑을)

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Too many!

That’s what a lot of netizens say when offering an opinion on new or returning idol groups with extremely large numbers. They may have a point, but I also think that there is something to be gained from mega Kpop group.

While fans are always noting the sheer number of idol groups that debut, they seem to be especially sensitive to groups with large numbers. Five members may be ideal, but when numbers start to climb beyond that, as it does with groups such as U-Kiss (seven members), T-ara (seven members), Infinite (seven members) , ZE:A (nine members) and After School (nine members), people get antsy.  Given their success, fans seem to have accepted the large numbers in SNSD and Super Junior, but that was not easily achieved. So I wasn’t surprised at the reaction to newer, larger Kpop groups. Something seemed to snap in fans when Golden Goose Entertainment announced plans for a Japanese debut for APeace (formerly Double B/21) back in March. With 21 members in tow (yes, 21!), some viewed APeace as a science experiment gone horribly wrong, one that created a monster with the numbers of Super Junior and SNSD combined. Kpop fans flooded forums with their displeasure at the high number of members. Some wondered how all 21 of them get paid. Others complained about not being able to see them all. And still others lamented having to learn all of their names.

I have to confess, I like APeace. I like their single, Lover Boy. I find it to be a great dance song. But what can prepare you for the music video for Lover Boy? It makes me absolutely giddy, and it has everything to do with the fact that there are eventually 21 of them dancing on the screen at one time!

Maybe I like this video so much because it brings back memories of being in a marching band. I especially like the move at :41, which I’m sure will be come the international sign for “baby girl.” However, beyond my potential fangirl-y reaction to APeace, I do think that they learn from some of the challenges that other mega groups like Super Junior face, and, as a result, could make it work.

Mega groups mean mega profits for agencies, as they can strategically place members in multiple places at once, so it makes sense from their point of view. Clearly, SM Entertainment did not foresee how attached fans would get to the initial membership of a mega group like Super Junior. Now, before we get started, I like Super Junior, so I want all the ELFs to take a deep breath. I am not hating on Super Junior, but there are some things that we all know to be true. For instance, all was well in Super Junior land back in 2007 until SM Entertainment started making noises about adding more members, like Henry, to the already super large Super Junior. This prompted some fans to take action to protect the membership. featured a story about fan protests over the plan. One fan stated, “We do not want Henry or anyone else to be added in Super Junior. We want Super Junior to be a safe 13-membered group.”  I believe that some of this anxiety came from the fact that fans perceived the membership of Super Junior to be set, and that the addition of Henry was not something they signed up for. As a fan, you would wonder whether or if the additions would stop.  SM Entertainment could just keep adding members, with no end in sight. However, APeace avoids this by hitting you with 21 members up front. 21 is a large number, so if you accept that APeace has 21 members, you are not likely to have anxiety about the possibility for additional members. If they added more members (gasp!), would it really be that big of a deal?

The creation of subgroups by SM Entertainment to capitalize on as many markets as possible contributes to even more anxiety around the mega group. Hey, when you are working with 10 to 13 people, you have options. But sometimes these subgroups cause challenges of their own, especially for new fans. I encountered Super Junior M before I encountered Super Junior, so I didn’t understand the relationship between the subgroups and the main group. I could not understand why I couldn’t find Henry or Zhou Mi in what I have come to call Super Junior Proper.  And don’t get me started on the guest status of Sungmin and Eunhyuk in Super Junior M right now. Are there more subgroups on the horizon? One never knows with SM Entertainment. However, APeace has the foresight to establish their subgroups up front. According to their official website, we can look forward to APeace Lapis, APeace Jade and APeace Onyx, three subgroups with seven members each. This move avoids fan disappointment and confusion.

The number of members and the subgroups are not the only things that causes anxiety in fans in relation to a mega group. One of my issues with Super Junior is the presence of the membership of Super Junior at any given time. When a news story runs that Super Junior will make an appearance, can you really be sure who is going to show up? How often do you see all of them together? Yes, we know that Kangin has a good excuse, as he is doing his military service, but when was the last time you saw Kibum? Is he even still in this group? I miss him.  This inability to predict which members of the group participate in group activities is in part linked to the busy schedules of individual members, and this is a problem for me. I was introduced to Super Junior as a group. I kinda expect them to act like the other groups I like.  You know, to be together, to show up, together. Sometimes, it just seems that they are individual artists who get together once in a while and make music. However, I don’t even expect APeace to function as a group in that way because they are rolling 21 deep. I’m not looking for them to have a deep bond with each other. I don’t know APeace, but I don’t feel that I’m expected to know them individually in this 21-member unit. Yes, I vaguely remember them introducing themselves, but who remembers that? I remember them being introduced as a 21-member group, so I don’t invest in their group dynamic, as I did with SS501 or SHINee. APeace, with its large numbers, lowers your expectations about the interaction among the members. I see them more as individual artists who come together to form the mini-nation that is APeace every once and a while. So if fans rarely expect to see them all together, then they are less likely to be disappointed.

I guess this is why I’m not up in arms about APeace. I know I won’t convince a lot of you that bigger is better, but that’s not my goal. What I am saying is that creating a viable model for a large Kpop group is worth exploring. Whatever you think of APeace or any other mega group coming down the turnpike, it takes a certain amount of expertise to promote a mega group. Somebody had to arrange 21 voices on a track. Somebody had to choreograph a dance for 21 people, and I think APeace pulls it off. They are so in sync, a friend of mine thought it was a special effect. Somebody had to film 21 people in motion. There is something to be said for the people who work behind the scenes and for the members of mega groups themselves. You try doing anything with 21 people.


“Super Junior Fans Protest Against Addition of New Member,”


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